Ammunition for mechanical artillery consisted of rocks, arrows, spears, javelins, bolts, quarrels, darts and nearly anything that could be thrown by these weapons.
Spherical rocks were prized for their accuracy. However, it required a highly skilled stone mason to hew spherical stone ammunition, a time-consuming endeavor.
Crossbow ammunition is called bolts or quarrels. These are similar to arrows, but shorter and usually heavier gauge.
Greek fire, a substance whose composition is no longer known, was sometimes launched from these weapons in breakable containers.